Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst

Making The Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst Easy To Understand

A peritoneal inclusion cyst is a compound of excess cystic matter that commonly appears as adhesions around the ovary filled with trapped fluids. These cysts are typically found in women that are know to have suffered earlier pelvic trauma, pelvic infections, or had pelvic surgery in the past.

A peritoneal inclusion cyst is as a rule not malignant but have a significant unusual shape and appearance and can easily be differentiate by ultrasound examinations. Other common names used for describing this condition is inflammatory cysts of the peritoneum, entrapped ovarian cysts, encysted fluids, peritoneal pseudo-cysts, or post-operative peritoneal cysts.

In general, for this condition to develop, the patient need to have active ovaries and peritoneal adhesions needs to be present. For the duration of the fertile years a female, the ovaries produce peritoneal fluid during ovulation. This fluid is absorbed by the peritoneum.

In the instance where infection, surgery, inflammation, endometriosis, or other kinds of pelvic trauma are present or have been present in the past, the absorbability of the peritoneum weakens. In such an event, the physiologic fluids are trapped. When inflammation is present, this can cause production of even more fluids, which in return is less effectively absorbed.

Previous surgery or inflammation commonly tends to leave scars which in this case results in the forming of adhesions in the abdominal and pelvic areas. Where vast peritoneal adhesions are present, the normal fluid production of the ovaries is entrapped by the damaged peritoneum. This way, as the fluids are trapped by the adjoining adhesions, peritoneal inclusion cysts forms.

Normally surgical and non surgical treatment methods are used to treat a peritoneal inclusion cyst. It is generally accepted by medical professionals that as a rule these cysts do not have malignant properties. Because it is a condition that causes continuous discomfort and pain, most patients prefer definitive treatment that requires surgery. Regretfully with surgery the reappearance rate is between thirty and fifty percent. Therefore, more conventional methods such as drainage of the cysts and making use of oral contraceptives to suppress ovulation are more successful treatment methods.